Surface texturing is a process that gives textures to metal and plastic surfaces. Texturing not only makes products look high-class but also adds functions such as prevention of reflection and slipping. This section introduces observation and measurement examples of textured surfaces using digital microscopes.
- What is a Texture?
- Classifications and Purposes of Texturing
- Texturing Types
- Observation and Measurement Examples of Textured Surfaces Using Digital Microscopes
What is a Texture?
A texture is a wrinkle pattern formed on a metal or plastic surface. Texturing can give various appearances, such as wood texture, leather texture, matte texture, and geometric patterns, in addition to simple irregular surface patterns.
Classifications and Purposes of Texturing
- A high-class appearance is added.
- Moulding defects, such as sink marks and weld lines, are made less noticeable.
- Dirt and flaws are made less noticeable.
Improvement of functionality
- Light is diffused, which prevents gloss.
- Antiskid effects are added.
- Close contact is prevented.
- Moisture retention and water repellent effects are improved.
Metal surfaces are either directly textured, or metal moulds are textured and that texture is transferred to products. Typical methods are introduced below.
- Surface irregularities are formed by masking areas that should not be processed and applying an etchant (mordant) to areas to be processed. This method is typically used to form leather textures.
- Fine abrasives are sprayed into metal mould cavities to form surface irregularities. The size of surface irregularities is controlled by changing the size of the abrasive and level of blasting force. This method is typically used to form matte textures.
- Metal moulds are cut with small end mills to form surface irregularities.
- Laser processing
- Metal mould surfaces are engraved with a laser to form surface irregularities. Complex geometric patterns can be formed.
Observation and Measurement Examples of Textured Surfaces Using Digital Microscopes
These are the latest examples of observation and measurement of textured surfaces using KEYENCE’s VHX Series 4K Digital Microscope.