Detection based on “eddy current”
What is a inductive proximity sensor?

Outline

A inductive proximity sensor can detect metal targets approaching the sensor, without physical contact with the target. Inductive Proximity Sensors are roughly classified into the following three types according to the operating principle: the high-frequency oscillation type using electromagnetic induction, the magnetic type using a magnet, and the capacitance type using the change in capacitance.

Principle and major types

General sensor

General sensor

A high-frequency magnetic field is generated by coil L in the oscillation circuit. When a target approaches the magnetic field, an induction current (eddy current) flows in the target due to electromagnetic induction. As the target approaches the sensor, the induction current flow increases, which causes the load on the oscillation circuit to increase. Then, oscillation attenuates or stops. The sensor detects this change in the oscillation status with the amplitude detecting circuit, and outputs a detection signal.

General sensor

Nonferrousmetal type

The nonferrous-metal type is included in the high-frequency oscillation type. The nonferrous-metal type incorporates an oscillation circuit in which energy loss caused by the induction current flowing in the target affects the change of the oscillation frequency. When a nonferrous-metal target such as aluminium or copper approaches the sensor, the oscillation frequency increases. On the other hand, when a ferrous-metal target such as iron approaches the sensor, the oscillation frequency decreases. When the oscillation frequency becomes higher than the reference frequency, the sensor outputs a detection signal.

Nonferrousmetal type

Magnetic objects and non-magnetic objects Remember that magnetic objects are easily attracted by a magnet, whereas non-magnetic objects are not.

Magnetism Magnetism
Detecting distance of general-purpose model Detecting distance of
general-purpose model
Detecting distance of aluminium detection model Detecting distance of
aluminium detection model
Typical metal Iron/SUS440 SUS304* Aluminium/brass/copper
Magnetism Magnetism
Detecting distance of general-purpose model Detecting distance of general-purpose model
Detecting distance of aluminium detection model Detecting distance of aluminium detection model
Typical metal Iron/SUS440 SUS304* Aluminium/brass/copper

* SUS304 has an intermediate property.

INDEX

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