Example of Exporting a Machine to Europe
- What are the A/B/C standards (Type A/B/C standards)?
- ISO/IEC Guide 51 provides a structured approach to ensure that each specialized safety standard is restricted to specific aspects and makes
reference to wider-ranging standards for all other relevant aspects.
The structure is built on the following types of standard, Type A, B, and C
- What is risk assessment?
- Overall process comprising a risk analysis and a risk evaluation. Risk analysis is a systematic use of available information to identify hazards and to estimate the risk. Risk evaluation is a procedure based on the risk analysis to determine whether tolerable risk has been exceeded.
- What are the 3-step Method and protective measures?
- These refer to the following three methods: inherently safe design measures, safeguarding and complementary protective measures, and the provision of information for use.
- What is adequate risk reduction?
- Risk reduction must achieve the tolerable risk as well as for compliance with the law and/or regulation.
Determination of Applicable Safety Standard
Close coordination is necessary within and among technical committees in the ISO and/or IEC responsible for preparing standards on different products and systems, in order to achieve a coherent approach to the reduction of risk.
ISO/IEC Guide 51 provides a structured approach to ensure that each specialised safety standard is restricted to specific aspects and makes reference to wider-ranging standards for all other relevant aspects. The structure is built on the following types of standards: Type A, B, and C standards.
- Type A standards
- This is a basic safety standard, comprising fundamental concepts, principles and requirements with regard to general safety aspects applicable to a wide range of products and systems.
- Type B standards
- This is a group safety standard, comprising safety aspects applicable to several products or systems, or a family of similar products or
systems, making reference, as far as possible, to basic safety standards.
- Type C standards
- This is a product safety standard, comprising safety aspects for a specific product or system, or a family of products or systems, making
reference, as far as possible, to basic safety standards and group safety standards.
When determining the applicable safety standard, Type C
standards must be applied to the machine if the Type C
standard has already been established.
Type A or Type B standards would be applied if the Type C
standard has not been established, or if the existing Type C
standard is not sufficient for risk reduction.